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Glaucoma, macular degeneration and diabetes-related vision problems are three of the most common age-related eye diseases affecting Americans. At Sevigny & Associates Eye Care, our Wauchula, Arcadia, Lake Placid, and Sebring optometrists are experienced in the diagnosis and treatment of these conditions. Without prompt treatment, these serious vision conditions can lead to irreversible vision loss. The good news is that with prompt diagnosis and treatment, our eye care team can intervene early. By utilizing the latest diagnostic technologies and working closely with our patients, our vision care team can help protect and preserve your vision for years to come.
Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases that damage the eye’s optic nerve, leading to irreversible vision loss and, without treatment, blindness. While glaucoma cannot be cured, our eye care team, when identified early, can manage this condition and reduce the risk for vision loss. There are several types of glaucoma; the most common, open-angle glaucoma, often has no warning signs. With this form of glaucoma, the optic nerve becomes damaged due to an increase in eye pressure. Once vision is lost from glaucoma, this vision cannot be restored. Since there are few warning signs and vision loss is permanent, our optometrists in Wauchula, Arcadia, Lake Placid and Sebring recommend regular screenings for glaucoma.
Macular degeneration occurs when the small, central portion of the retina (known as the macula) deteriorates. Dry macular degeneration is the most common form and occurs when the light-sensitive cells break down, slowly causing vision loss over time. Macular degeneration is one of the leading causes for vision loss in individuals who are aged 60 or older, and like glaucoma, there are no obvious warning signs during the disease’s earliest stages. Early intervention and treatment can help slow vision loss, although like glaucoma, there is no permanent cure and any vision that is lost cannot be restored.
Annual eye exams are the key to early detection, effective treatment and vision preservation. Our Wauchula, Arcadia, Lake Placid, and Sebring optometrists offer advanced testing including ocular coherence tomography (OCT), Visual Evoked Potentia (VEP), and electroretinography (ERG). Proper nutrition, not smoking, and receiving regular screenings are all crucial to eye disease prevention.
If you are diagnosed with glaucoma, medicated eye drops to lower eye pressure are the first line of treatment. If eye drops are ineffective, oral medication or surgery may be necessary. Lowering eye pressure is critical to protecting the optic nerve and preventing any additional damage. If you are diagnosed with macular degeneration, treatment will depend on whether you have “wet” macular degeneration or “dry” macular degeneration. Medications are generally the preferred treatment for wet macular degeneration. In some cases, laser therapy may be an effective option for stopping leaky blood vessels.
If you have been diagnosed with diabetes, you are at increased risk for vision loss from glaucoma, cataracts, and diabetic retinopathy. Treatments for diabetic retinopathy include scatter photocoagulation, focal photocoagulation, and vitrectomy to prevent permanent blindness.
We understand that a diagnosis of glaucoma, macular degeneration or diabetes-related vision problems can initially be very scary and overwhelming. From diagnosis to treatment and disease management, we are here to help you each step of the way. For more information, contact our Wauchula, Arcadia, Lake Placid, and Sebring eye clinics today!