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Eye pain is often associated with a burning, sharp, dull or throbbing pain in the eye. It can even be confused with headache or sinus pain symptoms. The causes of eye pain fall into two categories: ocular pain and orbital pain. Ocular pain comes from the outer structures of the eye’s surface. It can be caused by conjunctivitis, corneal abrasions, chemical burns or clogged eye glands at the eyelid edges. Orbital eye pain is a dull ache in the eye or behind it. Often, it’s cause by an eye disease. For example, angle closure glaucoma causes deep eye pain along with blurred vision. The intraocular pressure builds up due to improper drainage of aqueous humor fluid. Other causes of orbital eye pain include iritis and eye scratches due to a car accident.
You can sometimes treat eye pain at home with over-the-counter pain medications, lubricating eye drops or by applying hot or cold compresses to the eye. However, if eye pain becomes chronic, it’s best to see an optometrist or ophthalmologist to identify the underlying cause. Our optometrist will look for redness, protrusion of the eye, scratches to the cornea and swilling surrounding the eye tissue. These may be signs of an eye problem. An eye doctor will take a medical history, such as the location of the pain, when it started and the characteristics of the eye pain. If you’re eye pain is chronic or acute, a comprehensive eye and vision exam will be performed.
To identify the root cause of your eye pain, our Wauchula, Arcadia and Sebring optometrists will do a physical exam checking vision and examining visual field and eye movements. With a slit lamp, they can get a microscopic view of the eye’s surface to identify ulcerations or corneal abrasions. An ophthalmoscope is also used to get a detailed look at the internal structures of the eye. The blood vessels and optic disc can also be observed. If glaucoma is suspected, tonometry will be used to measure the eye’s intraocular pressure. Depending on the diagnosis of the underlying cause of your eye pain, prescription eye drops or eye surgery may be recommended. Our goal is to treat the root cause of your pain.
If you’re suffering from eye pain, contact us for an effective pain management plan. Give us a call at 863-773-3322 to schedule an appointment today.